In learning to use personal object pronouns in the different case forms (nominativ, akusativ, genitiv, lokativ, dativ, etc.), you will be able to able to really increase your communication skills. These words appear very frequently, so much so in fact they tend to blur into adjoining words to the beginner’s ear. By committing these to memory, you’ll start really hearing parts of each sentence better.
The clitic form, or short form (e.g. ga, mu, ih, joj) is used most of the time and comes in the second position in the sentence. If the long form is the same as the short form (vam, vam), they are differentiated by using a stress on the long form when speaking.
In the instrumental case, sometimes an e is added, as indicated, only when pronoun is used without a preposition such as s, sa (with). For example: Moji roditelji se ponose mnome. (My family is proud of me).
|subject||direct object||of, from||indirect object||with|
*Je is most commonly used for ona.
**A special set of reflexive pronouns, where the object is the same as the subject, meaning oneself, himself, herself, ourselves, themselves.
TIP: When doing writing practice or copying lessons or exercises from any study materials, always take the time to circle or highlight each of the object pronouns, and note the case above it. This habit of breaking down the sentence structure will help ingrain the grammar rules so that they become second nature as your studies continue.